Policy Reports

The New Role of Universities in the Twenty-first Century: Universities as Engines of Innovation and Entrepreneurial Hubs

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pinkwart

Universities can be a driving force for innovation, as discussed in this Policy Report

Same Economic Nightmares, Different Solutions: Transatlantic Approaches to International Macroeconomic Policymaking in the Face of the Crisis

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Policy Report 48 argues that, in a climate of economic crisis and distress, transatlantic cooperation is still essential and must be expanded, despite current differences in policy.

The End of the Years of Plenty? American and German Responses to the Economic Crisis

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Policy Report 49 analyzes the policy responses of Germany and the United States to the continued economic and financial unrest. The authors examine the origins of Germany’s economic policy and order as well as the current role Germany is playing in the European economy. They also analyze implications for European integration, security issues, and the transatlantic partnership.They argue that because the Great Recession had different economic effects in Germany and the U.S., policymakers’ responses differed as well. But, once the economic circumstances converge, economic policy in Germany and the U.S. will also become similar again.

Taming the Financial Beast

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In the wake of the global financial crisis, the United States and the European Union have acted not only to recover from the crisis, but also to implement regulatory reforms to prevent another crisis of this magnitude in the future. The path to reform, however, has not been smooth. Political debates over fundamental issues have slowed progress toward making meaningful reform in regulating the financial sector.

Intellectual Property Rights and Green Technology Transfer: German and U.S. Perspectives

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While environmental concerns have recently taken a backseat to the economic and financial crisis, scientific projections on climate change continue to call for action. Yet, international cooperation has been hampered and a rift between developed and developing nations is increasingly evident. Companies from developed countries are interested in recouping their investments in clean energy technology through property rights; developing nations contend, however, that such technology must be made available to all nations. This Policy Report, featuring essays from Robert Percival and Miranda Schreurs, examines American and German views on this contentious issue, focusing on what roles technology transfer and intellectual property rights play in the climate policy debate.

At the Eve of Convergence? Social Services in the U.S. and Germany

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In Policy Report 42, Annette Zimmer and Steven Rathgeb Smith look at social service and health care provision in the United States and Germany, examining the historical development of the different styles of welfare state, the role of public and private expenditures and providers, and current trends in the two countries. The authors offer answers to questions such as how is social service and health care provision affected by the new approach of designing social policy? They also address whether path-dependency in the two countries is still in place; or if German and American nonprofit social and health care providers, confronted with similar problems, tend to adopt similar strategies in order to keep or even enlarge their share of a growing market of social service provision.

Finding Security in an Age of Uncertainty: German and American Counterterrorism Policies

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New administrations took office in 2009 in both Germany and the United States, bringing with them renewed focus on counterterrorism measures. Still, despite ever-increasing cooperation among allies, the German and American publics react differently to threats of terrorism, as shown by the recent failed attack in Detroit. In Policy Report 41, former DAAD/AICGS Fellow Frank Gadinger looks at German counterterrorism policies, explaining not only how the German government perceives counterterrorism, but also how and why the German public reacts to counterinsurgency (COIN) and data retention policies as it does. Discussing the American approach to counterterrorism, former DAAD/AICGS Fellow Dorle Hellmuth looks at the response to terrorism following 9/11, the strategic culture in the U.S., and the remaining challenges for President Obama in light of his commitment to closing Guantanamo and sending additional troops to Afghanistan.

Different Beds, Same Nightmare: The Politics of History in Germany and Japan

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In Policy Report 39, “Different Beds, Same Nightmare: The Politics of History in Germany and Japan,” Professor Thomas Berger examines the characteristics of Germany and Japan that have shaped how the two countries respond to their histories from the Second World War. Citing differences in their histories, reckonings, and international political contexts, Professor Berger shows how despite these differences, Germany’s successes can provide a roadmap for reconciliation in northeast Asia.

Short-Term Solutions to the Climate and Energy Challenge

In AICGS Policy Report 37, “The Short-Term Potential of Climate-Friendly Technologies,” Felix Chr. Matthes and Lewis J. Perelman examine the technological solutions that can make a substantial impact on climate protection and energy security today or in the near future. The authors look specifically at the crucial roles of energy efficiency and intelligent energy in both Germany and the United States.

Bioenergy in the United States and Germany

Authors Bruce A. McCarl and Tobias Plieninger focus on the role biofuels can play in addressing climate change and improving energy security in AICGS Policy Report 36, “Bioenergy in the United States and Germany,” exploring opportunities for German-American cooperation in this extremely important sector.

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